To analyze the epidemiology, injury mechanisms and therapeutic aspects of urological complications of fractures of the pelvic girdle.
Patients and methods
Retrospective study including 22 cases of urological complications of pelvic fractures analyzed between 2003 and 2010 at the University hospital, Brazzaville. Tile classification modified AO was used to understand the mechanisms underlying urological complications. The variables studied were: frequency, age, sex, origin, etiology, type of pelvic fracture, type of urological complications, clinical urological lesions, the therapeutic delay, the therapeutic method, the long-term prognosis.
In total, 22 cases (11.40%) of urological complications were collected on 193 pelvic fractures. Men dominated the series with a sex ratio of 4.5, the average age was 33.8 years (12 to 64). Street accidents were the leading cause with 13 cases (59.09%). The urethra was the most affected in 16 cases (72.73%), the membranous portion in 10 cases (45.45%), the bladder in six cases (27.27%). Type A fractures were complicated four bladder lesions, types B, 12 urological lesions (1 bladder and urethra 11) and six type C lesions (1 bladder and urethra 5). Bone lesions were supported functionally in 18 cases (81.82%). Urethral injuries in men were repaired remotely by anastomotic urethroplasty. Urethral injury in females has been repaired urgently delayed. The bladder lesions were repaired by emergency laparotomy and suture of the breach, or urethral catheterization. In monitoring, seven patients had urological sequelae: erectile dysfunction in one case and urethral stenosis in six cases, they have been treated by dilatation (4 cases) and endoscopic internal urethrotomy (2 cases).
The urological complications of pelvic fractures were rare in our experience, and must be systematically searched. Unstable fractures (types B and C) were the major providers of these complications. Remote processing was possible with good functional results.