Compare three surgical approach procedures of total prostatectomy (retropubic, transperitoneal laparoscopic and robot-assisted laparoscopic), about technical, oncological and fonctional results.
Eighty-six patients had a total prostatectomy for localized cancer, in a unique center, performed by two expert surgeons, on a 16-months-period. Twenty nine had a retropubic, 23 a transperitoneal laparoscopic and 34 a robot-assisted (Da Vinci) surgical approach. Retrospectively, operative time, blood loss, per- and postoperative complications, duration of catheterization, length of hospital stay, in each group had been compared. The positive margin rates, the PSA levels at one and six months postoperative had been compared. The continence has also been evaluated at six months.
The three groups are comparable even if the median age is significatively lower in the retropubic group (p =0.018). Duration of catheter (p <2.2×10−16), blood loss (p <3.12×10−5) and operative times support significatively the laparscopic approachs, clearlier the conventional than the robot-assisted one. No significative difference has been shwown about positive margin rates, even if it’s higher in the robot-assisted group (p =0.37). Finally, the continence rate is quite higher in the laparoscopic groups without statistic signficativity (76 % retropubic versus 96.8 % laparoscopic and 85.3 % robot-assisted).
The conventional laparoscopic and robot-assisted approachs seem to present technical advantages. Nevertheless, pathologic results are shader: the positive margin rate in the robot-assisted group is higher, in particular regarding to pT2. These results are concordant with the available datas of the literature.